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十人九肾病:得肾病的人,3个前兆会提前“告知”

时间:2019-07-14
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In the middle-aged crowd, the most common thing to hear from them is: Is your kidney still okay?

Actually, if you really suffer from kidney disease, you can't tell a joke.

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According to epidemiological research data, the incidence of chronic kidney disease in China is 10.8%, while the incidence of uremia (end stage of renal failure) is 300-400 per million population. It can be seen that kidney disease is threatening our health at all times. So, what are the causes of people suffering from kidney disease?

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Causes of kidney disease 1: long-term urinary retention

I believe that everyone will have the experience of urinating. Occasionally, urinating twice will have little effect on the body, but often urinating will seriously damage the kidneys and increase the burden on the kidneys. It is very easy to cause kidney problems in the long run.

Causes of Kidney Disease II: Infection

Most patients with nephritis have a history of pharyngitis, acute tonsillitis or a bad cold. If a person develops inflammation or infection, it is likely to cause a disorder of the immune system. If the control is not timely, if the disease develops, it may damage the kidney and induce nephritis.

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Causes of nephropathy three: private medications

In daily life, cases of drug-induced kidney damage caused by indiscriminate use of drugs are not uncommon.

As the saying goes: It is a drug that has three poisons. Especially for some patients with chronic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia, taking drugs in private is likely to damage the kidneys and cause drug-induced kidney damage.

Causes of Kidney Diseases IV: Drinking regularly

Long-term drinking not only hurts the liver but also hurts the kidneys. This is mainly because the kidney is the most important metabolic organ of the human body. When people consume a lot of alcohol, they need to pass through the kidneys, which undoubtedly increases the burden on the kidneys.

xx此外,长期大量饮酒,导致隐血大量增加,导致尿酸多囊肾结石的形成,可导致肾脏阻塞,对肾脏造成损害。

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肾病的出现无疑给人们的健康带来了极大的危害,那么人们怎样才能尽快发现肾病的存在呢?如果您有以下肾病症状,那么您必须要注意!

(1)水肿

一般情况下,在正常情况下,人的眼睑或面部在早晨出现水肿,在下午出现褪色,但在疲倦后,它们会再次出现水肿。一旦他们休息了,他们就会平息。通常情况是这种情况与肾脏疾病有关。

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(2)尿液过多或过少

通常,人每天1500毫升排出的尿量是正常的。如果一个人没有外部因素,如不喝太少的水,出汗,发烧,腹泻等,尿量的突然减少是一种异常情况。如果一个人的每日尿量超过2500毫升,很可能与肾脏疾病有关。

(3)尿液中有气泡,长时间不会消失

如果人们在排尿时有泡沫并且长时间不消失,则有必要考虑是否是蛋白尿,即尿液中蛋白质排泄过多。此时,肾脏很可能出现问题。您应该及时寻求医疗建议,以避免肾脏疾病。

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除了对肾病症状进行自我检查外,定期检查也很重要。正常人每年应进行常规尿检,必要时进行b超检查和肾功能检查;糖尿病和高血压患者应每半年检查一次尿微量白蛋白,以监测疾病进展并积极接受标准化治疗。

如果尿液检查中有尿蛋白和红细胞等异常指标,应立即由肾脏科医生进一步诊断。

参考文献:

[1]中国成人慢性肾病的患病率为10.8%[N]。鹏程晚报,2017-03-10。

[2]张华,吴晓丹。每10个人就有1个肾脏疾病!这份“保护肾脏”的名单越来越好[N]。彭城晚报,2019-03-22。

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